Forex News

03:33:30 10-06-2024

Chinas PBOC halts gold purchases in May after 18 months of buying

The People's Bank of China (PBOC) paused gold purchases to its reserves in May, ending a massive buying spree that ran for 18 months, according to Bloomberg. 

Chinas central bank has been one of the biggest gold buyers for years, steadily stocking up bullion since 2022 amid rising geopolitical tensions. China held 72.80 million troy ounces of gold at the end of May, which remained constant from the end of April, the data showed. The value of Chinas gold reserves increased to $170.96 billion at the end of May from $167.96 billion in April. 

Market reaction  

At the time of press, Gold price (XAU/USD) was up 0.12% on the day at $2,296. 

Gold FAQs

Gold has played a key role in humans history as it has been widely used as a store of value and medium of exchange. Currently, apart from its shine and usage for jewelry, the precious metal is widely seen as a safe-haven asset, meaning that it is considered a good investment during turbulent times. Gold is also widely seen as a hedge against inflation and against depreciating currencies as it doesnt rely on any specific issuer or government.

Central banks are the biggest Gold holders. In their aim to support their currencies in turbulent times, central banks tend to diversify their reserves and buy Gold to improve the perceived strength of the economy and the currency. High Gold reserves can be a source of trust for a countrys solvency. Central banks added 1,136 tonnes of Gold worth around $70 billion to their reserves in 2022, according to data from the World Gold Council. This is the highest yearly purchase since records began. Central banks from emerging economies such as China, India and Turkey are quickly increasing their Gold reserves.

Gold has an inverse correlation with the US Dollar and US Treasuries, which are both major reserve and safe-haven assets. When the Dollar depreciates, Gold tends to rise, enabling investors and central banks to diversify their assets in turbulent times. Gold is also inversely correlated with risk assets. A rally in the stock market tends to weaken Gold price, while sell-offs in riskier markets tend to favor the precious metal.

The price can move due to a wide range of factors. Geopolitical instability or fears of a deep recession can quickly make Gold price escalate due to its safe-haven status. As a yield-less asset, Gold tends to rise with lower interest rates, while higher cost of money usually weighs down on the yellow metal. Still, most moves depend on how the US Dollar (USD) behaves as the asset is priced in dollars (XAU/USD). A strong Dollar tends to keep the price of Gold controlled, whereas a weaker Dollar is likely to push Gold prices up.


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